SPREP Factsheets

About SPREP Factsheets

SPREP Factsheets are background papers on key environment issues of interest to the Pacific region. Each is designed to provide a basic introduction to the topic at hand as a starting point for a general audience.

Each factsheet is available for download in PDF format designed for desktop printing on A4 paper (US letter users should choose "scale to fit" from the print options).

We welcome your comments for improvement as well as suggestions for future titles.

Please check back often for new releases in the series.


By date of release/update

IE-005: Pacific Wetlands Conservation (updated January 2009)
Issued in connection with World Wetlands Day, this fact sheet examines what constitutes a wetland, the types of wetlands commonly found in the Pacific and how the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and SPREP have teamed to protect and preserve these valuable ecosystems. Additional background is provided on the Convention and World Wetlands Day.

Mangroves Factsheet

IE-004: Mangroves in the Pacific (updated January 2009)
Mangroves play an essential role in many coastal environments throughout the Pacific. This fact sheet looks at what they are, where they are found in the Pacific, why they are important, the threats they face and what we can do to protect.

Mangroves Factsheet

PF-004: Plastic Bags (updated November 2008)
More than a billion single-use plastic bags are given out freely each day. While they may be free at the shops, they are costing our earth in many ways. This fact sheet examines the real costs associated with plastic bags, looks at biodegradable alternatives, and identifies some ways in which we can lessen our environmental imprint through minimising or eliminating our plastic bag use.

Plastic Bags Factsheet

IE-003: Leatherback Turtles (October 2008)
Populations of Leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) have declined by 95% in the Western Pacific since the 1980s. This fact sheet examines the reasons for the decline, the nature of the continuing threats they face, and conservation measures underway. It also provides background on leatherback biology and ecology, diet, nesting locations, migration and behaviour.

Leatherback Turtles Factsheet

IE-002: Invasive Species (updated October 2008)
The Pacific islands have high numbers of endemic species. The population of many of these species is naturally very small, making them extremely vulnerable to disturbance. Invasive species pose perhaps the greatest risk to island ecosystems and biodiversity. This fact sheet outlines what they are, how they spread, and what we can do about them.

Invasive Species Factsheet

WC-001: The Waigani Convention (updated August 2008)
The Waigani Convention is the Pacific regional treaty regulating hazardous and radioactive wastes. This fact sheet provides background information on the Convention's history, parties, purposes, obligations, costs and benefits to Parties as well as SPREP's support activities and the Convention's place within the international hazardous waste control regime.

Waigani Convention Factsheet

PF-003: Climate Change and the Pacific (August 2008)
Pacific islands are extremely vulnerable to climate change. The most substantial impacts of climate change include losses of coastal infrastructure and land, more intense cyclones and droughts, failure of subsistence crops and coastal fisheries, losses of coral reefs and mangroves, and the spread of certain diseases. This fact sheet looks at some of the ways climate change will affect the Pacific way of life and the sustainable development of our islands.

Climate Change and the Pacific Factsheet

PF-002: Aquatic Invasive Species (August 2008)
Marine invasive species, specifically those spread by ship ballast water, are a growing concern throughout the region. This fact sheet covers how these organisms are spread, specific tips on reducing transmission from ballast water, and identifies some of the primary species of international concern.

Aquatic Invasives Factsheet

PF-001: Reducing Solid Waste (July 2008)
With landfill space at a premium and environmental hazards inherent to most disposal methods, solid waste is a problem that is here in the Pacific to stay. This factsheet looks at ways each of us can reduce our generation of waste and how to most effectively dispose, recycle or reuse what we now throw away.

Reducing Solid Waste Factsheet

IE-001: Turtle Tagging (June 2008)
Information on SPREP's turtle tagging programme, including sections on why SPREP tags turtles, what information is gained from tagging, types and methods of tagging, what to do if you find a tagged turtle, lessons learned from turtles tagged in the past, and information about the Turtle Research and Monitoring Sysetem (TREDS).

Turtle Taggin Factsheet

CS-001: About SPREP (May 2008)
Background information on SPREP and its vision, mandate, guiding principles, programmes, fields of work, staffing, funding and membership.

By theme

Climate change



Invasive species

Marine turtles

Pollution and waste


For more information, please contact:

Lance Laack, Editor and Publications Officer (lancel@sprep.org)
Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environnment Programme (SPREP)
P. O. Box 240 • Apia, Samoa • +68-5-21929 • www.sprep.org