Industrial Reforms and Policies
Industrial reform is one of the most urgent and critical issues in most central and lower DRB countries. Considering that industrial production in transition countries is actually very low, it is not surprising that industry generates only 5% of the nitrogen and 8% the phosphorus that enter the Danube River Basin. Taking into account the expected revitalization of industries, the Project in Phase 1 has been focused on industrial policies and on a review of legislation in order to ensure that environmental considerations are adequately taken into account and that mechanisms for compliance are put in place.
In this context, the project output assists the DRB countries in the development of new industrial nutrient/toxics pollution control policies and legislation in line with existing and emerging (driven by the EU accession process) national legislation. While Phase 1 of the Project has focused on the identification of gaps and opportunities for reforms and measures, Phase 2 will develop and implement targeted assistance programme to non-accession Danube countries on industrial pollution reduction policy and regulatory frameworks including necessary capacity building activities. The components will include legislation drafting, institutional development, technical assistance and training among others. The program will be developed in cooperation with the individual national government and tailored to the needs of each country. These activities will be complement similar activities undertaken by other international organizations, which are either underway or planned for these countries.
For the further application of BAT in Phase 2 of this output the EU guidelines under the IPPC Directives will be reviewed in relation to existing ICPDR BAT Recommendations. Emission reduction potential in key industrial sectors in DRB will be identified as well as gaps between current situation and full compliance with the IPPC Directive.