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About the Project

The Situation

The Dnipro basin has been described as a “classic example of unsustainable development” due to the past legacy of trying to convert a traditionally agricultural region into a major industrial one in the space of a few decades. Progressive degradation of the Dnipro Basin ecosystem became apparent by the early 1990s, especially in the middle and lower reaches of the Dnipro River. This critical situation is the direct consequence of large-scale industrialization, uneven development of heavy and chemical industries, and unsustainable resource uses and practices that completely disregard environmental values and priorities. The situation has been complicated by the extreme social and economic difficulties all three riparian countries are facing in the transition to market economies. Also there is no common institutional framework for coordinated actions on the Dnipro by the countries.


The development of the “Strategic Action Programme for the Dnipro Basin and Implementation Mechanisms” (SAP) was the result of the joint effort of the three riparian countries (Republic of Belarus, Russian Federation, and Ukraine) with the financial support of Global Environment Facility (GEF) and coordination of United Nation Development Programme (UNDP).

The Strategic Action Programme (SAP) is a policy document, negotiated and endorsed by three riparian countries, to be implemented at the highest level of executive power. It defines the priority areas for action to resolve the priority problems of the Dnipro basin identified in the Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA).

PDF B Mission

The Dnipro SAP has identified that the regional priority is the need to address industrial chemical pollution. Within this broad sector, other agencies are proposing to address problems in some of the major industrial complexes, leaving out the issue of pollution generated by the many smaller industries that discharge effluents through municipal waste facilities – the Vodokanals.

The PDF B Project will therefore prepare a Full-Sized Project Proposal addressing the problems of cleaner production and effluent pre-treatment for smaller and in many cases privatised industries, discharging through the Vodokanals. This will also address issues of sustainable financing mechanisms and legal and regulatory requirements.

However, as the implementation of these activities will take place within the framework of the SAP, supported by regional and national legislation, the project will also deal with the institutional development of the SAP management bodies. It will also address transboundary monitoring issues to provide key information to these management bodies on the effectiveness of SAP implementation.

The PDF B project provides the logical link between the previous GEF investment in the Dnipro Basin, the development and country adoption of the Dnipro Basin Strategic Action Program, and the future GEF support to a Full-Sized Project Proposal to directly address the priority International Waters issue of industrial chemical pollution.

PDF B Objectives and Components

The Development Objective of a PDF B is the same as for the Full-Sized Project that is being prepared, “To reduce transboundary industrial chemical pollution from small industries currently discharging through municipal waste systems”.

The Immediate Objective of a PDF B project is “To provide information requisite to complete project proposals and necessary documentation” for a Full Project Proposal.

This will be addressed through four immediate objectives and components:

Component 1: Pilot Projects for Small Industries.

Immediate Objective 1: To introduce cleaner production methods to small industries discharging through Vodokanals – including sustainable financing mechanisms and local regulation and monitoring procedures.

Component 2: Transboundary Monitoring.

Immediate Objective 2: To provide information on the status and progress of the SAP implementation programme to the Dnipro Basin management bodies, and to allow prompt decisions and responses to emergency situations.

Component 3: Harmonization of Environmental Legislation.

Immediate Objective 3: To introduce harmonised environmental legislation to the three countries, in line with those prevailing in the EU.

Component 4: Institutional Development for SAP Implementation.

Immediate Objective 4: To establish key institutional and management structures within the wider SAP management bodies.


  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus;
  • Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation;
  • Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine;
  • State committees and agencies, Vodokanals and small industries, national scientific institutes, civil society and NGOs in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.



34-a, Hrushevskoho St., apt. 9, Kyiv, Ukraine, 01021



 (380 44) 253-0674

(380 44) 451-8741





-          Program Manager: Lubomyr Markevych


September 2005 – April 2008

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